By now all are aware of the current
drought conditions in California. Fortunately most of the raisins are produced
on the eastern edge of the San Joaquin Valley where the water table is not as
deep as on the west side. Most growers should have water available to irrigate
through most of the summer. The downside is that most water will have to be
pumped from the underground which raises the cost of irrigation to growers. The
water situation has also created high land values where water is available. With
the high value of almonds many grape growers have removed their vines and are
replacing with almonds. Even though this is occurring its expected that the
raisin crop will be sufficient to handle the current demand.
We have also heard that the Turkish Raisin crop has had some damage this past week due to an unseasonable frost. The damage to the crop is being evaluated. As we hear more news on this we will keep you updated. This could have impact on the price that California growers will be negotiating with processors this fall.
Even though it is very early in the growing season, the vineyards are looking very healthy with a bunch count similar to last year.
Deliveries of California raisins to
date are proceeding very quickly. Most packers have assessed that deliveries
this season are trending down 20-25% from last season. The Raisin Bargaining
Association is meeting to discuss proposals received from packers. The growers
are negotiating for an increase in the vicinity of 11-12%. Packers have rejected
this increase, but are under extreme pressure to raise the grower price due to
the crop being down. Packers are reluctant to raise the grower price due to
market conditions not accepting the margins needed for profitability. There are
solid arguments from both sides
Growers arguments for raising the price:
1. The Crop is down 20-25%
2. Drought condition increasing irrigation costs
3. Labor costs increasing
4. Fertilizer and chemical costs increasing
Packer arguments to not raise the
1. Foreign competition
2. Market price is below cost
3. Supply is in balance
Del Rey Packing Co. expects the field price to the grower to increase in the 5-8% range for the season. Record almond, walnut, pistachio and citrus prices have increased the demand for land to plant these profitable commodities. Many raisin and grape growers are succumbing to these other crops.
End October 2014
Deliveries from Growers of the 2014
Raisin crop is now complete and it appears that receipts are down 24% overall
from the same fields for the 2013 crop.
The Raisin Bargaining Association has presented processors with a contract proposal for the crop with a sliding scale based on the final crop size. The base price presented is $0.05/lb. increase from last year with a maximum price increase of approximately $0.15/lb. Experts in the industry feel that the sliding scale proposal will be accepted by the processors. A sliding scale would create too much uncertainty in the market. The proposal has an accept or reject date of October 31, 2014.
Meetings are being scheduled with processors and growers to analyze the crop situation. Please have some patience while the industry sorts through this situation. The good news is the quality of the fruit being delivered is of good clean quality.
The Raisin Administration Committee
met on Thursday to discuss the crop estimate for the season. The committee
approved a crop estimate for all varieties of raisins. Attached please find the
chart that shows the last 5 years of production of each variety along with the
crop estimates that were approved.
The California Raisin growers have had to deal with many challenges in the past growing season. The paramount issues faced are as follows:
● Drought conditions in California for the past few years has created water shortages.
Many growers’ wells went dry which created some crop failures.
● Increased labor costs due to the minimum wage being increased in California
● Increased Healthcare costs due to the Affordable Healthcare Act passed by Congress.
In the past season California Raisin shipments worldwide were excellent. This was due to Turley having a short crop last year and high prices to the trade. Turkey’s crop this year is expected to be above normal, so California is expecting to ship less raisins into the European market. This created some expectations that the grower price for California Raisins would be reduced for the season. At this time, most do not foresee the growers lowering the field price for the coming season. In fact, with the lower than anticipated yields, some are predicting that the Raisin Bargaining Association will start negotiations with processors soon and ask for higher prices. They are going to base this on the following:
1. Grower deliveries to date are not meeting the anticipated yields per acre.
2. Continued pressure from other crops grown in the raisin growing region returning more dollars. i.e.: Almonds and citrus
(Normal yield on a traditional raisin vineyard is 2 tons per acre. At last years; field price on $1650 per ton this would return a grower $3300 per acre. On the other hand growers of almonds could be returning up to $4.00 per pound with yields of 3000 pounds per acre. This would return to the grower $12000 per acre.)
3. This is increasing the removal of vineyards and planting of other crops such as almonds.
Some packers are carrying excess inventory from the previous crop and have been very aggressive in the market in trying to reduce inventories. This has created some instability in the market.
Del Rey’s opinion is that the Raisin Bargaining Association is waiting for reports on deliveries of the 2014 crop to handlers prior to making an offer for the crop. This is going to be a very difficult negotiation due to the crop and market conditions. Even with a price increase to growers, many will still be losing substantial dollars due to reduced yields. Packers are faced with the dilemma of world market pricing being below cost.
Our California packer, Del Rey packing Co., has made enormous strides in providing customers with the quality and service you have been accustomed to. The team has implemented a comprehensive Food Safety Program for the plant. Food Safety is probably the Number 1 issue facing all of us in the food industry. Their systems and testing procedures are constantly being updated to the latest standards. They are very proud to say that they have achieved certification under the Global Food Safety Initiative for three years. This past year they received an “A” grade! ow
Below are photos from the California Raisin Crop of both raisins drying in the field on paper trays and drying on the vine. The crop is in full harvest mode this week. Weather outlook for the next 10 days is very favorable for raisin drying. The grape crop has been projected to be down from last year. Some are predicting anywhere from 15%-25%. Even with that, most anticipate that supplies for California Raisins will be sufficient to meet the market demands for the year. Some growers are basing the lower production on the water shortage in California due to the drought conditions. Many had wells go dry and were not able to secure surface water.
The California Raisin Bargaining
Association (RBA) recently completed the 2014 crop year bunch survey. The survey
resulted in an average count of 35.80 bunches per vine which is 17% lower than
last year. It is also less than our ten year average of 36.47 bunches per vine.
While the bunch count is an early indicator of the potential grape crop, keep in mind there is a long way to go before harvest. However the increased amount of vineyard removal and limited water supply can be added to the many other factors that will influence the amount of grapes produced this season, once again effecting California Raisin prices.
End August 2012
The Raisin Estimate was released this past Friday and it is DOWN 13.4 PERCENT FROM THE 2011 Final Production numbers.
The California raisin-type variety grape forecast is 1,900 million tons, down 13.4 percent from the 2011 final production. Based on the objective measurement survey, bunches per vine totaled 29.1 compared to 38.7 recorded in 2011. Acreage of bearing age is 205,000. The 2012 California raisin-type grape crop is shaping up to be the smallest crop since 2006. Some growers reported spring frost damage. Dry, warm summer weather conditions have been good for crop development. Mildew pressure was low. The crop is a few days ahead of normal, and significantly ahead of last year�s delayed crop. The forecast is based on the results of the Raisin Grape. Objective Measurement (O.M.) Survey conducted in July. The Raisin Administrative Committee provided funding for the 2012 Raisin O.M. Survey.
This past Wednesday two (2) wineries
opened pricing for Thompson Grapes at a record price of $300/ton. Yesterday
another winery raised the offer to $310/ton. This is an increase of over 15%
from the 2011 price for grapes. This is potentially creating a bidding war
between wineries and raisin packers for growers. The 2011 price for raisins was
$1700/ton. Many processors feel that due to the economic situation around the
world that pricing to growers should be consistent with the 2011 price. It is
still early to see where this will end up.
The quality of the grapes to date are looking good. Bunch counts are down from last year, which is the reason that wineries are being aggressive. Negotiations between the processors and the Raisin Bargaining Association have only been done at discussion levels with no proposals to date. Most in the industry expect negotiations to commence in the next week or two. Many growers are contemplating selling green at these price levels to avoid the risk of drying raisins. Some factors that growers may consider in their decisions are a reduced labor force, weather conditions and the pricing of raisins.
On a side note, we are proud to announce that our California Packer of Raisins, Del Rey Packing Co. is has received third party certification from the prestigious British Retail Consortium, BRC. This is a major achievement for the company and their dedicated employees to continue to strive to produce a good and safe quality raisin.
"The Raisin Administrative Committee
met yesterday and established the 2011-12 crop estimates for all varieties of
raisins. I have attached an article in today's Fresno Bee announcing the highest
grower price for raisins in history"
Click here to read the article.
Click here for the Foreign Ag Service Report on World Production and Consumption
This report will help explain the world situation on raisins and how it has changed dramatically in the last few years. Inventories are down around the world. This is what is creating the demand for packers to secure raisins from growers. Shipments of CA raisins has decreased in the last 12 months, but this is due to decreased supply.
The California Raisin Administrative Committee met this week and voted to market 100% of the upcoming crop with no export program. The crop inventory carried out on August 1, 2011 was just over 100,000 tons. This is about equal to last year. With the tight situation on inventory and with no unsold raisins heading into the new crop year, growers are very bullish in their demands for the raisin crop. Wineries are expected to purchase upwards of 500,000 tons of Thompson grapes for juice concentrate and wine blending. Last year they purchased only approximately 270,000 tons of Thompson grapes. They are offering the highest price in history for Thompson grapes. With the harvest season running 10-14 days later than normal many growers are contemplating going green rather than take the risk of making raisins. Many packers are offering incentives to growers to make raisins. This is only making the market in the field go up daily.
Our Packer is doing their best to contract California growers to make raisins so we can supply our customers with the good raisins they expect from us. The harvest should start in about 10 days and we are hoping for good weather through October.
California Raisin shipments have been at record levels for the past year. This has created a tight supply of California Raisins. Many packers are soliciting growers with cash incentives to produce raisins this year. We are expecting a large price increase paid to growers. California Raisin growers have been through some very tough economic times for many years. This is what has created a tight supply of raisins as many have pulled out vineyards and planted more lucrative crops. The growers that have withstood are now going to reap the harvest. We are still over 4 weeks away from harvest and the crop is very late. The increased California Prices will continue to effect the prices of imports.
The California raisin industry has been meeting periodically and discussing the
crop potential for the 2010 crop. The projected inventory on hand as of August
2010 is 99,942 tons. This is a reduction of 39,019 tons from the previous year.
If the industry were to ship 300,000 tons in the 2010-11 crop year the carryout
inventory as of August 2011 would be 88,342 tons. The desired carryout the
industry would like to have is 100,000 tons. Based on these figures we are
anticipating that the growers will demand a much higher price for the 2010
California Raisin crop.
The unknown factors are the crop is still over 3 months away from harvest and no one knows how aggressive the wineries will be in purchasing raisin grapes for juice concentrate. The one thing that does seem apparent is that growers will not sign a contract to make raisins without a price increase.
The world raisin supply continues to be in crisis mode and this news certainly does not help any. We will continue to keep you up-to-date with the latest industry news. Please contact us with any specific questions that you have.
Sweet prices for grapes
Growers may not be able to supply enough to meet demand of wineries, raisin packers.
By Dennis Pollock / The Fresno Bee 05/14/08 08:51:19
Wineries are offering to buy grapes in the central San Joaquin Valley at prices well above last year's for most varieties. And those offers are coming far earlier than old-timers in the industry can recall. "The prices are getting better, but costs for farming may be outpacing the higher prices," said Nat DiBuduo, president of Allied Grape Growers in Fresno.
DiBuduo said while growers are optimistic, they also must cover skyrocketing bills for fuel, fertilizers and herbicides.
Thompson seedless grapes, a mainstay for the raisin industry as well as a grape crushed for concentrate, is being priced at $225 a ton, 50% higher than last year's $150.
Any grapes in Valley fields at this time remain tiny, just starting to develop. Vines are normally heavy with fruit when the prices are announced.
And it's not uncommon for the announcement to come in July or even August as the harvest occurs, complicating the decision-making of farmers on whether to make their grapes into raisins or sell them green to the wineries for crushing into wine or concentrate.
Grower Steve Schafer said he thinks prices still could go higher, both for wine grapes and raisin grapes.
"The situation you will have now is [raisin] packers competing with wineries for a limited amount of grapes," he said.
The current price for raisins this year is $1,310 a ton.
Schafer said he does not expect prices to fall. He and others cited factors that include the pullout of thousands of acres of wine grapes in recent years, an end to a wine glut and sales of California wine increasing between 2% and 5% annually for the past six years.
Glen Goto, who heads the Raisin Bargaining Association in Fresno, said he is not seeing "the kind of big rush [to sell grapes green] that happened when Gallo came out with $200 a ton in July 2004." He said that prompted lines of growers outside the E&J Gallo plant on Clovis Avenue.
"Now, there's a lot less acreage. Growers have to push a pencil to make a decision," he said. "There's no question there's some concern if we'll have enough grapes to make an adequate raisin crop."
Greg Coleman, vice president of grower relations for Gallo, said the company will not be announcing any cash prices "until later in the season when we have had a chance to fully assess the crop size."
"Since a number of contracts expired in 2007, growers have already approached us this year asking for a contract," he said. "We have responded by offering some minimum prices for those growers wanting to re-sign with us."
DiBuduo said prices for some varieties were floated as early as January.
In recent years, pricing for Thompson seedless grapes has been a roller coaster with dips as low as $65 per ton.
This year, DiBuduo said, he is hearing offers from wineries to growers from Madera County to Kern County that include:
$325 to $400 per ton for chardonnay grapes, compared with an average of $287 last year and a range from $200 to $350.
Cabernet sauvignon at $300 to $400 compared with an average of $260 last year and a range of $120 to $350.
Merlot at $300 to $400 compared with $241 on average in 2007 and a range from $120 to $300.
French colombard at $225 to $250 compared with $180 last year, with a range from $135 to $225.
One variety that is not drawing a lot of activity is white zinfandel, DiBuduo said.
"Most wine growers are excited that the market is strengthening," he said. "But this comes at a time when the cost for fertilizer and sulfur has doubled, when fuel costs are high and the cost of herbicides have increased significantly."
DiBuduo said a crop estimate has not yet been made "but it looks to be an average size crop," he said, adding that statewide, freezing temperatures took away 10% to 15% of the crop.
The reporter can be reached at email@example.com or (559) 441-6364.
It is five months until the 2008 California raisin harvest begins, 18 months
before the 2009 crop is finished, and roughly 30 months until
the 2010 raisin crop should be in sweatboxes.
Plenty can happen before those crops are delivered to processors. Frost, rain during harvest, floods, and earthquakes - to name a few.
However, one thing that grape growers who make raisins can take to the bank now is that they will receive at least $1,310 per ton for
each of those three crops.
No other California commodity group can say they know what the minimum price will be for their crop three years down the road.
The Raisin Bargaining Association (RBA), Fresno, Calif., which represents a third of the state’s 3,500 raisin producers, has negotiated a
guaranteed floor price with 14 major raisin packers for its raisin producers for the next three years who want economic assurance they
will have raisins to market.
The price will never be less than $1,310 per dried ton for the 2008, 2009 and 2010 crops. This floor is $100 more than last year. It could
go up from $1,310 based on a supply/demand sliding scale.
With the first ever three-year RBA contract with packers for a guaranteed minimum, raisin producers would be expected to dance in the
streets of Fresno, Calif., the center of U.S. raisin production. All U.S. raisins and 45 percent of one of the world’s best natural dried fruit
snacks are produced within a 60-mile radius of Fresno.
However, it is a bittersweet victory for RBA and its independent packer members. It has been a bloody road to stability. For example:
•An estimated 1,500 raisins growers are gone, either switching to other crops or out of business. Twenty years ago there
Courtesy of Harry Cline, Farm Press Editorial Staff, Apr 7, 2008
An unexpected storm brought rain over the weekend to the local California Raisin
Crop. Approximately 30% of the Raisin Crop is still in the fields, with poor
drying conditions predicted all week mostly due to temperatures in the 60's and
The amount of rain was not huge, but will cause some loss on top of a crop that is already 30% shorter than last year. With less heat to dry the remaining 30% of the Raisin Crop, most of the tonnage will have to be dried and reconditioned, causing more loss.
The Raisin Administrative Committee will meet again on October 4, 2006 to set the crop estimate and set preliminary percentages of free and reserve amounts.
Early predictions of this year’s California Raisin Production are 250,000 tons, down from 320,000 tons last year. Price should strengthen with the coming days and weeks as the shortage is revealed.
The California Raisin Harvest has begun. Note the photos below. It is being reported that so far it looks very short compared to normal years. Some fields though are reported to have average crops (top photo). To date, wineries have been picking a high of 8 Tons while others are down as low as 4 Tons Green Grapes per acre. As a point of reference, last years average was 9.5 Green Tons per acre.
Short Sporadic Field
Short Sporadic Field
This has been a very trying year for raisin growers. Due to unseasonably cool
and wet spring the grapes were late in developing. This created extra expenses
for the growers in dealing with mildew problems. The summer in California was
extremely hot which also slowed the development of the grapes. The crop is about
3 weeks late. On top of this they have had labor shortage in harvesting the
grapes and laying them on the ground. Normally by September 20 more than 90% of
the crop would have been harvested. As of today Del Rey would estimate that more
than 35% of the crop still needed to be harvested.
Del Rey has no new crop raisins delivered yet. Last year at this time more than 60% of the crop had been delivered and ready for market. It is felt that deliveries will not start until the beginning of October.
The weather today is unsettled with a 40% chance of scattered thunderstorms. We are hoping it passes over with little damage. This is the most critical time for raisins so we will continue to watch the market carefully.
There are three reasons for this year's shorter California Raisin crop:
Winery-concentrate giant Gallo paid $200 a ton for grapes this year, twice the amount offered the past three years. That prompted many growers of raisin variety grapes to sell them for crushing rather than laying them down for raisins.
The shortcuts farmers have taken with fertilizing and spraying in recent years have produced lower yields.
Thousands of acres of grapevines have been plowed out or simply abandoned because of tough economic conditions in recent years.
It is getting more and more difficult to get the growers to deliver their raisins. After 4 years of depressed pricing they are using all of the leverage possible to get as much as they can and it is for this reason that the contracted levels between the growers and processors continues to change, with increasing amounts to the growers. This situation continues to make it difficult to quote on long-term raisin business.
The Raisin Bargaining Association set this year's field price yesterday August 3rd at $1,110 per ton, $300 more than last year and the first time in five years it has exceeded $1,000 a ton. It's unlikely there will be a surplus this year because many are predicting a harvest in the range of 200,000 tons. That would be the lowest since the rain-damaged crop of 205,700 tons in 1982 and far less than half of the record crop of 433,000 tons in 2000. It has been a long time for the growers to have the ability to receive a fair price for their product. Since the price has been established early to combat the wineries from buying all of the grapes the growers have a disaster clause in the contract that kicks in if the crop size falls below 200,000 tons.
This week Gallo winery of California announced a price of $200/ton for Thompson
grapes. This is an increase from last year of $125/ton. It is making the
situation for raisins very difficult in acquiring supply. Recently the price
California growers have been receiving for grapes and raisins has been below
production costs and has caused a domino effect of growers removing their
vineyards and replacing with other crops. It seems as though the correction has
been too great and the total grape acreage for raisin variety grapes has been
reduced by about 30,000 acres.
If we were to equate the Gallo price of $200/ton with a 4.5 to 1 dry ratio plus a cultural cost of $200 per dry ton this would equate to a grower raisin price of $1100/ton. The dry grower price has not been set yet. To give you a comparison, the field price last year was $810/ton. If the field price were to go to $1100/ton we would expect the market to be in the $0.85-$0.90/lb. Fob range for new crop.
Del Rey is working diligently to make sure they can acquire enough raisins for their customers. They continue to meet with the Raisin Bargaining Association to hopefully develop a program satisfactory to their growers and customer's best interests.
Currentlythe vines a pushing a little - running a little late. What is known is that 50,000 acres have been pulled out of the ground with Growers not planting new crops. The wine industry is feeling the pressure and this in effect puts continued pressure on the Thompson variety. New crop pricing could be up 15-20% from today's levels if things continue as is.
Due to lower crop production and the elimination of reserve inventories, the California raisin industry is achieving a balance with demand. With the return to growers and packers at the lowest in 20 years, the industry has been forced to make some tough decisions in order to survive. Many growers had ceased producing raisins and have pulled their grapevines. The crop estimate in early October was 276,931 tons down from 377,000 tons in 2002. Raisins will continue to be in short supply throughout this crop year. December showed Demand to be slightly up, with the prices to the growers finally increasing. Growers can now start to make some revenues, but it is still a huge market correction that must take place first.